Akan Teleteaching Course


Unit 5.5: Notes on grammar 2

Numerals

1. Numerals (see also numeral chart) follow the noun:

1 baak 6 ns 11 dubaak 16 duns
2 mmienu 7 nson 12 dummienu 17 dunson
3 mmins 8 nwtwe 13 dummins 18 dunwtwe
4 nan/nnan 9 nkron 14 dunan 19 dunkron
5 enum/nnum 10 edu 15 dunum 20 aduonu

Examples:
kra baak "one cat"
adan mmienu "two houses"
ntaade nan "four dresses"
anuanom num "five siblings" (i.e. brothers and sisters)
nnua du "ten trees"

The numerals nan, enum, edu loose their prefixes when counting nouns.

"Mirror image": Numerals follow the adjective(s) qualifying the noun: (cf. "Notes on grammar 2" in Unit 2)
kra tuntum baak "one black cat"
adan ff mmienu "two nice houses"
ntaade kk nan "four red dresses"
anuanom nkumaa num "five junior siblings"
nnua ntenten du "ten big trees"

1.1. Time

a) Hours
Ab dn k. It's one o'clock.
Ab nnn mmienu. It's two o'clock .
Ab nnn mmins. It's three o'clock.
Ab nnn nan. It's four o'clock.
Ab nnn num. It's five o'clock.
Ab nnn ns. It's six o'clock.
Ab nnn nson. It's seven o'clock.
Ab nnn nwtwe. It's eight o'clock.
Ab nnn nkron. It's nine o'clock.
Ab nnn du. It's ten o'clock.
Ab nnn dubaak. It's eleven o'clock.
Ab nnn dummienu. It's twelve o'clock.
b) Exact time
quarter past X Dn k ab apa h simma dunum. It's a quarter past one.
twenty minutes past X Nnn mmienu ab apa h simma aduonu. It's twenty past two.
half past X a) Nnn mmins ab apa h simma aduas. It's three thirty.
b) Nnn mmins apae mu. It's half past three.
c) Ab nnn mmins ne f.  It's half past three.
twenty minutes to X Aka simma aduonu na ab nnn nan. It's twenty to four.
quarter to X Aka simma dunum na ab nnn nan. It's a quarter to four.

2. Ordinal numbers

nwoma a di kan "the first book" lit. "the book which comes first"
dan a t so mmienu "the second house" lit. "the house which ranks second"
ataade a t so mmins "the third dress" lit. "the dress which ranks fourth"
onua a t so nan "the fourth sibling" lit. "the brother who ranks fourth"
etc.

3. Iterative numbers

prk 'once'
mprnu 'twice'
mprns 'three times'
mpn nan 'four times'
mpn num 'five times'
etc.
mpn pii 'many times/often'

Go to exercise 3

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