Akan Teleteaching Course

Unit 11.3: Notes on grammar 2

TAM-marking and andative space orientation in serial verbs

1.
Me- de krataa b- k kurom a- !k- ma m'adamfo
1s- take paper FUT- go village-to CONS- GO- give my friend
"I shall write/post (a letter) to my friend in the village."
"I shall go with a letter for my friend to the village."
2.
Me- de krataa k - kurom k- ma -a m'adamfo
1s- take paper go -PAST village-to GO- give -PAST my friend
"I wrote to my friend in the village."
"I went with a letter to my friend in the village."
3.
Me- de krataa re- k kurom a- !k- ma m'adamfo
1s- take paper PROG- go village-to CONS- GO- give my friend
"I am writing (a letter) to my friend in the village."
"I am going with a letter to my friend in the village."
4.
Me- de krataa a- k kurom a- !k- ma m'adamfo
1s- take paper PERF- go village-to CONS- GO- give my friend
"I have written (a letter) to my friend in the village."
"I have been with a letter to my friend in the village."
5.
Me- m- fa krataa n- !k kurom n- !k- ma m'adamfo
1s- NEG- take paper NEG- go village-to NEG- GO- give my friend
"I won't write a letter to my friend in the village."
"I won't go with a letter to my friend in the village."
6.
Me- a- m- fa krataa a- n- !k kurom a- n- !k- ma m'adamfo
1s- PERF- NEG- take paper PERF- NEG- go village-to CONS- NEG- GO- give my friend
"I didn't write (a letter) to my friend in the village."
"I didn't go with a letter to my friend in the village."

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