|In Akan, all syllables
carry a distinctive tone, either High or Low. There are three types of
syllables in Akan:
For details, see Dolphyne (1988: 52-54).
Consonant-r-Vowel (but see Dolphyne 1988:
102-105): brà (come!);
Syllabic consonants: m,
(written n) and r: ñàsõáná
(response to greeting), ñàdaáná
Sonorant consonants m,
ô and r
In full tone marking mode High is marked with
an acute and Low with a grave accent. Following a long-standing convention,
Downstep is marked with an exclamation mark before the syllable whose tone
is lowered. Downstep occuring between two seperately written words is marked
with an exclamation mark before the word whose first syllable is downstepped.
always in word-final position: noámá
if followed by a consonantal onset: màmaá
sometimes in word-medial position (this applies
to r: see Dolphyne 1988: 102-105): fràñá
|All vowels are tone-marked.
||S/he is going to Kumasi.
|Sonorants are tone-marked when syllabic.
Non-syllabic sonorants are never tone-marked.
||Don't come to Accra.
|Downstep marking within a word
|Downstep marking between two words