Akan Teleteaching Course

Verb chart: Tonal patterns of verbal stems

3a TAM form verbal stems class
HAB Aff
HAB Neg
STAT Aff
STAT Neg
PRET Aff [long]/e
PRET Neg an- CONS Neg
PF Aff a- CONS Aff
PF Neg [long]/e

da, nom, tn

H
H
L
H
L
H
H
H

h

H
H

..

.

L
H
H
H

gyina

L-H
L-H
L-L
H-H
L-H
L-H
H-H
H-H

bisa

L-H
L-H

..

.

L-H
L-H
H-H
H-H

bda/kda

L-H
L-H

.

.

L-H
L-H
H-H
H-H

bgyina/kgyina

L-L-H
L-L-H

.

.

L-L-H
L-L-H
H-!H-H
H-!H-H

bbisa/kbisa

L-H-!H
L-H-!H

.

.

L-H-!H
L-H-!H
H-H-!H
L-H-!H

3b TAM form verbal stems class
PROG Aff re-
PROG Neg ren-
FUT Aff
FUT Neg
INCEPT reb-

da, nom, tn

H
H
H
H
H

h

H
H
H
H
H

gyina

L-H
L-H
L-H >H-!H
L-H
L-H

bisa

L-H
L-H
L-H >H-!H
L-H
H-!H

bda/kda

L-H
L-H
---
---
---

bgyina/kgyina

L-L-H
L-L-H
---
---
---

bbisa/kgyina

L-H-!H
L-H-!H
---
---
---

3c TAM form verbal stems class
OPT Aff
n
OPT Neg
IMP Aff
IMP Neg

da, nom, tn

H
H
H/L
H

h

H
H
H
H

gyina

H-H
L-H
L-L
L-H

bisa

H-H
L-H
L-L
L-H

bda/kda

H-H
L-H
L-H
L-H

bgyina/kgyina

H-!H-H
L-L-H
L-L-H
L-L-H

bbisa/kbisa

H-!H-H
L-H-!H
L-H-!H
L-H-!H

Tables according to Frempong (1994), resp. to Dolphyne (1988)

Home